What are the reasons for the development of socialist doctrines in the first half of the 19th century

The authors of utopian teachings did not always know how to change society, but their merit lay in the fact that they sharply criticized the old world. Hence the name of this trend in socialist ideology – utopian, critical socialism.
Along with liberalism and conservatism in the XIX century. In Western Europe, socialist ideas about the need to abolish private property and protect public interests and the idea of ​​egalitarian communism became popular, which developed in many works of thinkers of the 16th-18th centuries. At the beginning of the XIX century. the teachings of Henri Saint-Simon, Charles Fourier, Robert Owen arose. These thinkers were concerned about the fate of the ruined artisans and workers of the scattered manufactory, the movement of factory workers in the first generation, who still remembered a more prosperous life in their own home, and tried to create a picture of a new society and state, where there would be no private property, poverty and enmity between members of society. where a person will be protected and respected. Their teachings are called both utopian socialism and critical socialism.

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