In 1542, the Portuguese first arrived in Japan. Almost 100 years later (in the 30s of the 17th century), the shogun Iemitsu Tokugawa banned Japan’s ties with Europeans.

Reasons for the “closure” of Japan:
1) the spread of Christianity among the peasants caused displeasure among the central nobility;
2) ties with Europeans destroyed traditional society;
3) the desire to prevent the invasion of Europeans into Japan. Only Dutch merchants and merchants from Asian countries could trade in Japan.

Although Japan’s “closure” was not complete, it damaged foreign trade and consolidated its technical lag behind Western countries.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.