Ancient Greek philosophers of the 5th – early 4th centuries BC

Philosopher’s name Key ideas
Socrates The precondition of any knowledge is a person’s knowledge of himself. The search for truth is carried out using leading questions (Socratic method). Everyone can attain wisdom, and through wisdom – virtue
Plato Reality is made up of ideas that are outside concrete things and phenomena (idealism). Formulated the principles of an ideal state. The existence of a person outside a certain socio-political system is impossible
Aristotle The doctrine of forms and the ” immobile prime mover ” of the universe. Man is a “political being”


Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.