Can a legal culture exist without knowledge of the foundations of law, that is, based solely on moral principles?
Two important criteria – the level of development of legislation and the state of legality in the country – characterize as it were two dimensions of legal culture from mutual coherence, which largely depends on the level of legal life.
The main elements of legal culture are:
– the state of legal awareness in society;
– the state of legality and the strength of law and order;
– the perfection of legislation;
– the effectiveness of law enforcement agencies, courts, prosecutors.
Indicators of the level of legal culture in a civilized society are: the inviolability of the constitutional system, recognition of the rule of law, respect for democratic legal institutions, human and civil rights and freedoms, consistency and accessibility of legislation, strict and unswerving observance of the rule of law, and a number of others. In terms of these indicators, it is possible to assess the process of lawmaking, the effectiveness of legislation and the provision of law and order in the country; legal culture of society as a whole, social groups, individuals.