Categories and composition of the population of medieval Europe (class structure)

Name Characteristic
Nobles They kept “noble pride”, did not want to do anything to save themselves from ruin, considered entrepreneurship humiliating
New nobles We strove to increase the profitability of their estates through the use of new forms of management (fencing, land lease) and more modern technologies (multi-field, etc.)
Free peasants Basically, they redeemed their duties (corvee and quitrent), accumulated funds and invested in their own economy or craft
Serfs Are attached to the land, legally and effectively lost freedom of movement and the ability to pay off duties
Farmers Capitalist entrepreneurs; land tenants; used improved inventory, produced the most profitable market-oriented products
Farm laborers Salaried workers in agriculture, worked for wages


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