Changes in the economy of the ancient Eastern states in the 2nd millennium BC

• some improvement of tools of labor;
• progress in craft and partly in agriculture;
• growth in the marketability of production;
• development of usury;
• increase in debt slavery;
• State land on different terms began to be provided to individuals;
• economic, political and cultural contacts are established between different regions of the Middle East, international trade routes are being formed, the number of trading settlements on the territory of other states is growing;
• the struggle for dominance on trade routes is intensifying, the number of wars is growing.
At the turn of the 3rd and 2nd millennia BC. there was an active movement of tribes. Indian and Persian tribes came to the territory of Iran, Indo-Aryan tribes began to develop the Ganges valley in India.
At the end of the 2nd – beginning of the 1st millennium BC. the IRON AGE began. The culture of iron was brought to the territory of the ancient states by young peoples (“peoples of the sea”), who invaded Egypt, Asia Minor and the Eastern Mediterranean.

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