Changes in the social structure of European society in the 16th-19th centuries. (estates)
July 29, 2020
||The transition to an industrial society in the XVI-XVIII centuries.
||Industrial society XIX centuries.
||The most important social group; had class privileges, was the richest and most powerful
||Retained leading positions only in the field of public service
||The largest population group; produced basic public wealth
||They remained the most numerous class, but their share in the population was declining;
capitalist farmers and laborers appeared
||Worked in their own workshops, used personal tools
||Couldn’t compete with factories; the qualifications of handicraftsmen turned out to be unclaimed
||The main occupations are trade and usury; were engaged in the production of goods in addition to intermediary trade
||The most powerful class, dominated by the industrial bourgeoisie
||This social group did not exist
||Salaried workers whose main activity is mental work, which required education; have sufficient income and a high level of culture
||They differed little from artisans, used personal tools; work at the manufactory was an additional income
||Increasing the number of this class, increasing the requirements for qualifications; work at the plant took all the time and was the main
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