Civilizational theories of social development (names and essence of the theory)

Title of scientific work, author The essence of the theory
“Russia and Europe”, N. Ya. Danilevsky The cultural-historical type functions like a living organism, isolated in time and space. The course of history is expressed in the change of cultural and historical types
“Comprehension of history”, A. Toynbee Civilization is a culture that has reached the extreme boundaries of self-identification, passing through the stages of genesis, growth, breakdown and decay
“The Decline of Europe”, O. Spengler Civilization is the stage of dying of human culture, which is characterized by a soulless intellect and the transformation of people into a faceless mass

 

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.