Colonies and colonial possessions of Great Britain, France, Holland, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Germany, Portugal and the Ottoman Empire

European states African possessions Possessions in the Arab East Independent states
England Egypt, Sudan, Somalia, Union of South Africa Arabian Peninsula, Aden  
France Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Ivory Coast – Guinea, (Cote d’Ivoire ), Upper Volta ( Burkina Faso ), Dahomey (Benin), Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Mali, Madagascar    
Germany In the east, west, southwest of Africa   Ethiopia, Liberia, Union of South Africa (dominion)
Portugal Mozambique, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde    
Belgium Congo    
Italy Somalia, Eritrea    
Spain Western Sahara, Northwest Morocco    
Ottoman Turkey   Iran, Syria, Yemen, part of the Arabian Peninsula  


Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.