Comparative characteristics of photosynthesis and respiration of eukaryotes

The similarity is that as a result of the process of respiration and photosynthesis, organisms receive the energy necessary for their life. The differences are that in the process of photosynthesis, the formation of organic substances occurs, and in cellular respiration – splitting

Signs Photosynthesis Breath
Substances used Carbon dioxide water Organic matter, oxygen
Process summary Organic matter is synthesized and free oxygen is released (as a result of photolysis of water) Organic matter decomposes, carbon dioxide and water are released
Energy conversion The energy of light is absorbed, which is converted into the energy of chemical bonds of organic matter (mainly carbohydrates) The energy of chemical bonds of organic matter (mainly carbohydrates) is released, which is converted into the energy of ATP macroergic bonds
Place of formation of ATP Chloroplasts Chloroplasts
The most important process steps Light and dark phases (Calvin cycle) Glycolysis and Krebs cycle
Process location Plant Cell Chloroplasts Hyaloplasm and mitochondria of all eukaryotic cells
Attitude towards sunlight Occurs only in the light Occurs both in the light and in the dark, as it does not need sunlight
Summary equation 6CO2 + 6H2O + light energy → С6Н12О6 + 6О2 С6Н12О6 + 6О2 → 6СО2 + + 6Н2О + energy (ATP)
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