Comparative table Change of scientific pictures of the world (classical and non-classical)

  Classical picture of the world Non-classical picture of the world
When did it arise XVII-XVIII centuries. The turn of the XIX-XX centuries.
Creators N. Copernicus, G. Galilei, R. Descartes, I. Kepler, I. Newton M. Planck, E. Ruther-ford , N. Bohr, A. Einstein, etc.
The most important signs Mechanistic understanding of the Universe: it is infinite and united by the action of identical laws, all considerations based on the concepts of value, perfection, goal-setting are excluded from the scope of scientific research. Isolation of strictly objective quantitative characteristics of terrestrial bodies, their expression in strict mathematical laws Understanding the world from the point of view of a cognizing subject, the picture of the world is subjective The subject of science is not reality “in its pure form”, but a certain slice of it, given through the prism of the accepted theoretical and operational means and methods of its development by the subject. The study of things in the specific conditions of their existence
Cognitive activity Cognition of nature in itself, striving for absolute objective truth, a clear opposition of the subject (person) and the object of research The entry of the subject of cognition into the “body” of knowledge as its necessary component. The description of the world depends on the position of the person


Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.