Comparative table Differences between two eras within the framework of the Newest time (1890-1960s and 1970s-present)

1890-1960s 1970s-present
The final stage in the development of an industrial society, the stage of mass production of standard industrial goods The stage of formation of the post-industrial information society, where the service sector, the production and processing of information and knowledge, small-scale production to order
The era of electricity and oil, cars and radio The stage of development of the information revolution associated with the emergence of microprocessors, personal computers, the Internet, etc.
The period of rapid growth of employment in industry and the struggle of the working class for their rights, the period of the formation of a society of mass consumption A period of growth in employment in the service sector, a period of the emergence of many diverse social strata, groups, minorities defending their rights and interests
A period of fierce political struggle between the forces of totalitarianism and democracy, attempts at active government intervention in the economy and in the affairs of society The period of democratization of societies in the context of globalization and the search for national, cultural and religious self-identification, the period of establishing a new role for civil society and reducing the influence of the state on the affairs of society
The period of ideological struggle, the main vector of which was the confrontation along the line of capitalism-socialism The period of growing cultural and civilizational contradictions as a result of democratization and globalization
The period of modernism, within which the author’s vision of the world and attempts to construct new principles of the world order are in the first place in art The period of postmodernism, when the reader and viewer become accomplices in the creative process
The desire to conquer nature Striving to live in harmony with nature
The period of the non-classical picture of the world, when a person turns out to be a grain of sand in the random world of atoms, a moth in the cooling world of our Universe Period postnonclassical th picture of the world, when a person seeks to find again the lost harmonious unity with the world and the cosmos
Values ​​- material well-being and security Values ​​- self-realization in various spheres, status, self-identification


Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.