Comparative table “Fascist regimes of Italy, Germany, Spain”

Compared characteristics Italy Germany Spain
The degree of state control over society Tight control over the economy – corporatism All spheres of society Lack of strict control over society
Party political system Monopoly ” Fashidikombatimento  Monopoly of the NSDAP Monopoly of the “Spanish Phalanx”
“Leaderism” Duce Benito Mussolini Fuhrer Adolf Hitler Caudillo Francisco Franco Baamonde
The path to power Creation of a coalition government. Parliamentary election victory in 1924 Victory in the elections to the Reichstag in 1933 Victory in the civil war, the regime is imposed from the outside
The system of repressive organs of the state organization of concentration camps for dissidents Gestapo, organization of concentration camps for dissidents  
Splicing party and government bodies Dissolution of the Chamber of Deputies. Formation of the Chamber of Fascs and Corporations 1933 – the law on the unity of the party and the state, 1934 – Hitler Fuhrer and Reich Chancellor for life 1936 – Franco holds the post of commander-in-chief, the rank of generalissimo, head of state
Ideology  “Human and spiritual values ​​do not exist outside the state ” – the cult of the state “One people, one state, one leader.” Nazism (superiority of the German nation) anti-Semitism, the cult of power Falangism did not become a state ideology
Attitude towards the church Great influence of the Catholic Church. 1929 – Agreement between Pope and Mussolini (Vatican City sovereignty) Conflict with the Church, occultism Great influence of the Catholic Church
Foreign policy 1935-1936 years – the invasion of Albania, the seizure of Ethiopia, 1937 – accession to the Anti-Comintern Pact 1933-1935 – the abolition of the Versailles restrictions, 1936-1939 gg – Anschluss Austria, the division of Czechoslovakia, 01/09/1939 – attack on Poland Franco shied away from officially entering the war.
The nature of the political regime Totalitarianism – Fascism Totalitarianism – Nazism Moderate totalitarian regime – Frankism, phalangism

 

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