Comparative table: Greek colonists, Carthaginians and Etruscans of the 6th-4th centuries BC

Greek colonists of the 7th-6th BC Carthaginians VII-VI BC Etruscans VI-IV BC
Coasts of Southern and Central Italy, Sicily. There were cities – large trade and cultural centers. This played a large role in the development of the future Roman civilization. The main enemies of Rome. Carthage is the largest North African colony and an important center of intermediary trade. A formidable enemy of the Greeks, because in the VII-VI BC. He led the struggle for Sicily and conquered most of the island. They came from the east. They used the Greek alphabet. Influenced art, religion, city planning, house architecture. Greek culture was adopted through them. By the middle of the 1st century. BC e. ceased to play a certain role in the history of Ancient Italy. Their language was forgotten.

 

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