Comparative table of the development of civilizations of Ancient Rome and Greece

Sign of civilization Ancient Greece Ancient Rome
Producing farm 1. Cattle breeding

2.Lack of bread (buy)

1.Agriculture

2 surplus bread (sell)

Division of society into groups and the formation of the state 1.Lack of a unified state (policies)

2.2 groups: citizens and non-citizens (no rights)

3.Monarchy (king)

4. People’s Assembly

1.Unified state (capital – Rome)

2.2 groups: patricians and plebeians (there are rights)

3.Republic (2 consuls)

4. People’s Assembly and Senate

The origin and emergence of religion 1.Paganism (polytheism)

2.Gods: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades

3.No priestly estate

4.Hero – Hercules

1.Paganism (polytheism)

2.Gods: Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto

3.The priestly estate (pontiffs)

4.Hero – Hercules

 

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.