Comparative table Political movements in the 19th century (liberalism, democratic movement, socialist thought)

Comparison line Liberalism Democratic movement Socialist thought
Expressed the interests of social strata Upper strata of society (haves, educated, leaders) Ordinary citizens (artisans, merchants, employees, workers) All walks of life, including the poorest
Theoretical basis A person is endowed from birth with inalienable rights and freedoms that the state and society must protect; equality does not imply property, political, service equality, differences in the position of people are fair The principle of equality of citizens in political rights The society that generates poverty is not organized correctly, it cannot be improved by reforms; the inevitability of humanity’s transition to the highest form of society – socialism
Political demands Limitation of the monarchy, separation of powers; restriction of voting rights on the basis of property; introduction of the constitution The best form of government is a republic; representative democracy; universal suffrage Redistribution of income of the rich in favor of the poor
Implementation methods Reforms Reforms Social revolution

 

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