Comparative table: The main achievements and discoveries of mankind in the era of primitiveness

Comparative table: The main achievements and discoveries of mankind in the era of primitiveness (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic, age of metals)

period discoveries and achievements totals, meaning
Paleolithic Using and maintaining fire.

Hunting and gathering.

Collective animal corral techniques.

Development of caves, barriers and awnings.

The emergence of the rudiments of the clan community.

The spread of primitive religious ideas (cults of the beast, fertility, burials). The emergence of art as a special sphere of social consciousness and human activity

Survival in harsh conditions. The population of the Earth is 2 million. Labor contributed to the active development of the human brain and hands, speech and thinking, the members of the original community were rallying .

Consolidating his work and life experience in the images of art, a person expanded his ideas about reality. Art has helped to strengthen ties between people

Mesolithic The ability to make fire.

Bow and arrows, boat, net, compound tools, needles. Domestication of animals. The spread of hunting for small game, sea animals. Settling north

The appropriating type of farm is the extraction and development of the finished one.

The population of the Earth is about 10 million.

The climate was replaced by a modern one, which made possible the settlement of all of Europe, South Siberia.

Exchange of experience, skills, common tribal languages

Neolithic The development of all currently known agricultural crops, the domestication of the most important species of animals. Craft: ceramics, spinning, weaving.

Sedentary settlements. Nomads (steppe). The rudiments of knowledge in astronomy, agronomy, medicine, etc. Invention of the wheel. Simple wheeled and water transport. Unification of members of the clan into tribes (by territory, cults, kinship)

Common roots of many modern peoples.

The transition to a productive economy (Neolithic revolution).

The population of the Earth has increased – 160 million people.

Age of metals Separation of craft from agriculture.

Durable tools.

Neighboring (territorial) communities. Tribal unions. Laws.

Formation of language groups of the Indo-European family, peoples (ethnic groups)

Improving the efficiency of metal tools (copper, bronze, iron).

Second division of labor.

Development of communities of people.

The emergence of property, social inequality. Decomposition of the tribal system. The origin of exploitation.

The emergence of general mandatory norms of behavior. Prerequisites for the formation of states.

The improvement of the tools of labor and the change in the tribal relations of people who settled on the territory of our country had the same stages and features as in other parts of the world


Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.