Comparative table The origin and emergence of the religion of Ancient Greece and Rome

Ancient Greece Ancient Rome
1. Religion – paganism, the main feature of which is polytheism;

2. The main gods: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Athena, Aphrodite and others;

3. There was no special priestly class in Ancient Greece: every citizen of the polis could himself perform religious functions – perform rituals, make sacrifices to the gods, offer prayers;

4. The main character is Hercules.

1. Religion – paganism, the main feature of which is polytheism;

2. The main gods: Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto, Mars, Venus and others;

3. In ancient Rome, a special religious class was formed, the high priests of which were the pontiffs elected for life. The pontiffs performed all religious rites;

4. The main character is Hercules.

 

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