Compare Italian and French nationalism. Why is the influence of nationalism increasing in the politics of developed European countries at the end of the 19th century?
In France, during the revolution, nationalism meant adherence to the universal progressive ideas of freedom and equality. Before the revolution, self-identification was mainly by region (Provencal, Bearnian, etc.) or by religion (Catholic or Protestant). After the founding of the republic, all people (including in the colonies) formally became equal citizens – French. At the turn of the 19th century, the overwhelming majority of the country’s population did not speak the state language. Due to the fact that education began to be conducted in French, by the end of the 19th century, the number of citizens speaking this language increased significantly.
Nationalism in Italy at this time was weak. Italian nationalism is no younger than French; but in France nationalism emerged from an internal political event that generated a great international response, while in Italy it had a very limited beginning.
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