Compare the basic structure of plant and animal cells. What are their similarities and differences?

The similarity of plant and animal cells is found at an elementary chemical level. About 90 elements of the periodic system have been discovered by modern methods of chemical analysis in the composition of living organisms. At the molecular level, the similarity is manifested in the fact that proteins, fats, carbohydrates, nucleic acids, vitamins, etc. are found in all cells.
The cells of both plants and animals are surrounded by a thin cytoplasmic membrane. However, the plants still have a thick cellulose cell wall. Cells surrounded by a hard shell can perceive from the environment the substances they need only in a dissolved state. Therefore, plants feed osmotically. The intensity of nutrition depends on the size of the surface of the body of the plant in contact with the environment. As a result of this, most plants exhibit a significantly higher degree of dissection than animals, due to branching of shoots and roots.
Plant cells differ from animal cells in special plastid organoids, as well as a developed network of vacuoles, which largely determine the osmotic properties of cells. Animal cells are isolated from each other, and in plant cells the channels of the endoplasmic reticulum communicate with each other through pores in the cell wall. As storage nutrients, glycogen accumulates in animal cells, and starch in plant cells.

Organoids Plant cell Animal cage
Core X X
Cytoplasm X X
Membrane X X
Cell wall X  
Lysosomes   X
Chloroplasts X  
Vacuole X  
Ribosomes X X
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