Compare the development of school education in different countries, highlight the common features and differences in the XIX century.

The rapid development of industrialization and the spread of democratic ideas required a new organization of school education, its greater accessibility, and the secular nature of education. Literacy had to be made the property of all segments of the population. A person who has learned to read has access to a newspaper, a book, and the opportunity to continue his education.
In most German states, compulsory primary education was introduced back in the Enlightenment, in the 18th century. But the Catholic Church strove to keep the school under its influence.
Already in the XVIII century. primary education became compulsory in the German-speaking part of the Austrian Empire, as well as in Sweden (1842) and Switzerland (1848).
In the last third of the XIX century. European states and the United States embarked on the path of significant reforms in school education. In different countries, these reforms were carried out in different ways – in accordance with the previously established traditions. In addition, much depended on the degree of influence of liberal ideas in society.
In England, a decisive step was taken in 1870, when the liberal cabinet of W. Gladstone passed a law on universal compulsory primary education in parliament. If earlier the existence of schools depended entirely on the efforts of the church, now the schools were created by the state that supported them. School councils decided on tuition fees and compulsory attendance. Completely free and compulsory primary education was introduced only by the laws of 1880 and 1891.

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.