Compare the economic development of Austria-Hungary at the end of the 19th century with the economic development of Italy or Germany.

After the agreement on the creation of Austria-Hungary in the empire, the pace of economic development accelerated significantly. The industrial boom came at the end of the 1980s: large centers of transport engineering grew, producing modern locomotives, cars, and bicycles. The arms factories in Vienna and Plzen, where the Škoda company and others were located, sent their products to many countries. By the 30s – 40s. XIX century. The Austrian Empire was a multinational state. It included the territories of Austria, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, as well as part of the territory of modern Romania, Poland, Italy and Ukraine. In these lands, the desire for state independence, national independence was strengthened. The Habsburgs tried to preserve the empire at the cost of minor concessions to the peoples who inhabited it.

For comparison Italy: Italy was one of the last places in Western Europe in terms of per capita income, and the working day lasted 12-13 hours. The backward South was turned into an agrarian appendage of the northern provinces, a kind of inner colony. In Sicily, in sulfur mines, devoid of mechanization, poorly ventilated, women and adolescents strained from overwork. But even this kind of work was not enough for everyone. Economic crises exacerbated the plight of the population. Mass emigration became a feature of the life of Italian society.
In Germany: after devastation, high economic recovery began

Germany Significant domestic market after unification, population growth, annexation of Alsace and Lorraine; government orders, militarization of the country, patriotic enthusiasm, hard work
Austro-hungary “Patchwork Empire”: Interethnic contradictions, uneven development, emigration
Italy Imports of manufactured goods and raw materials, two regions: industrial North and rural South; mass emigration (mainly to the USA)

 

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