Compare the labor movement in the United States and England. Why did the American workers have a higher standard of living, while the English had greater morals?
The position of the American proletarians was getting much better than that of their brethren in Europe. By the end of the 19th century, the average earnings of workers in the United States were about $ 700 per year, and the cost of living did not exceed $ 150-160. This also affected labor productivity, which in US industry was on average four times higher than in the advanced European countries.
Trade unions played an important role in protecting the interests of American workers. By the early 1880s. most unions have merged into two powerful associations – the Order of the Knights of Labor (ORT) and the American Federation of Labor (AFL). In some ways they competed, but in the main thing – protecting the rights of workers – they were always united, and this doomed to failure the attempts of various radical groups to clash the interests of American workers and entrepreneurs. Nevertheless, such attempts did not stop. In their propaganda, the radicals took advantage of the fact that in those years in the United States many energetic people were making rapid careers in trade and banking, in industry and construction. But some of these quickly enriched persons were not so much active workers as cynical businessmen, speculators, swindlers. And the radicals pointed out to the people precisely such examples, calling on the workers to “divide everything in justice.”
In the English labor movement at the end of the XIX century. there was some revival. During the industrial primacy of England, the English working class was in a comparatively more favorable position than the workers of other countries. English workers earlier than others, back in the first half of the 19th century, won the right to professional organizations. The labor aristocracy, better off than the laboring mass, was more numerous in England than in other European countries.
Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.