Compare the neighboring community with the clan. What changes in people’s lives are associated with the transition from a clan community to a neighboring one?
As farmers improved their instruments of labor and the use of draft animals, a separate family became an increasingly independent production unit. The need for joint work disappeared. This process was enhanced by the introduction of bronze and especially iron tools. The tribal community gave way to a neighboring community.
- people have little knowledge
- jointly own the forest, field, river
- mutual aid
- relatives and those who came from far away
- each family has its own home
- property belongs to a separate family (person)
- everyone works for himself
- all relatives
- all live together
- common property
- common products of labor
Dwellings, tools, and draft animals in the neighboring community became the property of individual families. However, arable and other land continued to remain in communal ownership. As a rule, members of one family worked on arable land, but the clearing of the fields, work on their irrigation was carried out jointly by all members of the neighboring community. For pastoralists, clan relations persisted longer than for farmers. For a long time the herds remained the common property of the clan. Over time, equality within the community became a thing of the past. Some families became wealthier than others and accumulated wealth.
Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.