Compare the political structure of France during the Restoration with the political structure during the July Monarchy. Point out the similarities and differences.
After the revolution of 1830, the following changes took place in the country’s political system:
1) the number of voters has doubled;
2) the National Guard was restored, which could be joined by all interested citizens who paid taxes;
The power structure has not undergone significant changes. The head of state was the monarch, who appointed the chairman-minister of the cabinet of ministers, who represented the executive branch. The Chamber of Deputies, elected with restrictions (including property restrictions), represented the legislative branch and approved laws proposed by the Cabinet of Ministers.
The main difference in the political structure was that just as the Bourbon monarchy was the rule of the big bourgeoisie, so the July monarchy remained so; But under the Bourbons, the bourgeoisie had to defend their rights against the encroachments of the feudal nobility, while during the July revolution the nobility was broken and the danger appeared from below, from the petty bourgeoisie and workers, who were the republican opposition, which had only a very weak opportunity to act through parliament.
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