Compare the position of the estates before and after the transition to an industrial society

Social group transition to an industrial society in the XVI-XVIII centuries. Industrial society XIX centuries.
Nobles The most important social group; had class privileges, was the richest and most powerful Retained leading positions only in the field of public service
Peasants The largest population group; produced basic public wealth They remained the most numerous class, but their share in the population was declining;

capitalist farmers and laborers appeared

Artisans Worked in their own workshops, used personal tools Couldn’t compete with factories; the qualifications of handicraftsmen turned out to be unclaimed
Bourgeoisie The main occupations are trade and usury; were engaged in the production of goods in addition to intermediary trade The most powerful class, dominated by the industrial bourgeoisie
Technicians, employees This social group did not exist Salaried workers whose main activity is mental work, which required education; have sufficient income and a high level of culture
Salaried workers They differed little from artisans, used personal tools; work at the manufactory was an additional income Increasing the number of this class, increasing the requirements for qualifications; work at the plant took all the time and was the main


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