Compare the structure of DNA and RNA molecules. Present the comparison material in a table

Cell location Nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplasts Nucleus, ribosomes, cytoplasm, mitochondria, chloroplasts
Core location Chromosomes Nucleolus
Macromolecule Structure Double unbranched linear polymer, rolled with a right-handed spiral Single polynucleotide chain
Monomers Deoxyribonucleotides Ribonucleotides
The composition of the nucleotide a Nitrogen base (purine-adenine, guanine, pyrimidine – thymine, cytosine); deoxyribose (carbohydrate); phosphoric acid residue Nitrogen base (purine-adenine, guanine, pyrimidine-uracil, cytosine); ribose (carbohydrate); phosphoric acid residue
Types of Nucleides Adenyl (A), guanyl (G), thymidyl (T), cytidyl (C) Adenyl (A), guanyl (G), uridyl (T), cytidyl (C)
The properties Able to self-doubling by the principle of complementarity A = T, T = A, G = C, C = G Stable. Not capable of self-doubling. Labile.
Functions The chemical basis of the chromosomal genetic material (gene); DNA synthesis, RNA synthesis, protein structure information. Information (mRNA) – transmits a code of hereditary information about the primary structure of the protein molecule, ribosomal (rRNA) – is part of the ribosomes; transport (tRNA) – transfers amino acids to ribosomes; mitochondrial and platid RNA – are part of the ribosomes of these organelles
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