Compare the structure of mitochondria and chloroplast. What is common and difference?

● Two-membrane organoids. The outer membrane is flat, and the inner one forms numerous protrusions, which serve to increase the surface area. Between the membranes there is an intermembrane space.
● They have their own ring DNA molecules, all types of RNA and ribosomes.
● Capable of growth and reproduction by division.
● They synthesize ATP.

● The protrusions of the inner mitochondrial membrane (crista) have the form of folds or ridges, and the protrusions of the inner membrane of chloroplasts form closed disc-shaped structures (thylakoids), collected in piles (grains).
● Mitochondria contain enzymes involved in cellular respiration. The inner chloroplast membrane contains photosynthetic pigments and enzymes involved in the conversion of light energy.
● The main function of mitochondria is the synthesis of ATP. The main function of chloroplasts is the implementation of photosynthesis.

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