Compare two centers of Greek civilization – Athens and Sparta. Point out the differences

Questions for comparison Athens Sparta
1. Geographical location The region is located in the south of the Balkan Peninsula – Attica. South of the Peloponnesian Peninsula, the valley of the Evrotus River .
2. Sources of income Trade and shipbuilding, colonial development. Wars with neighboring communities, the seizure of land, livestock, slaves (helots), collecting tribute from the perieks (not Spartans).
3. Political structure Democracy – through the creation and improvement of the laws of Solon , Efi alt and Pericles. A militarized oligarchy through a strictly regulated service.
4. Economic features 1.Private ownership of land (allowed to sell). 2. Prohibition of debt slavery. 3. Cancellation of the debt of the poor. 1. Private ownership of land was not allowed. 2. There was a principle of equalization. 3. The fields were cultivated by helot slaves. 4. Trade was carried out only by perieks.
5. Political features 1. The political rights of citizens do not depend on gentility, but on their property status. 2. All citizens of the policy had the right to be elected to higher positions. 1. Lack of political rights, the presence of an archaic tribal community. 2. The hereditary title of two kings, the election of elders (council-gerusia) and ephor – the controlling body.
6. The supreme authority The People’s Assembly, which has broad powers: it passed laws, resolved issues of peace and war, and elected officials. It met 40 times a year: voting and drawing, accountability and rotation. The popular assembly did not have much influence on political life. The main issues were resolved by two kings, the council of elders (gerusia) and ephors, relying on the opinion of the popular assembly, where the point of view was expressed with a shout.
Characteristic for a given time An economically developed state with elements of commodity-money relations. An economically backward state with a closed system of economy on a natural basis.

 

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