Comparison table: controversy about the directions of the 1917 revolution in Russia (communists, Marxists, liberals, conservatives, west)

Question Communists, Marxists Liberals Conservatives Western historians
Prerequisites, causes of the revolution The autocracy did not solve agrarian, workers’, national and other issues. There were prerequisites for both the bourgeois democratic and socialist revolutions, which occurred naturally The subjective factor (weak tsar, Rasputinism ), the elimination of Witte, Stolypin, the curtailment of reforms played a major role Russia was on the rise, but the intrigues of external and internal (liberals, revolutionaries) enemies led the country to revolution Russia’s lagging behind the advanced countries became a challenge to which the tsar and the ruling elite did not find an adequate answer in the form of necessary reforms
Impact of war Participation in the II World War I exacerbated the situation was the catalyst, accelerated the revolution The war revealed the flaws of the old government, the need to replace it with new forces The power of Russia was growing, it could win and achieve its goal as part of the Entente, if not for a stab in the back Russia withstood the war at the expense of enormous human and other resources. The war sparked discontent
February revolution Solved the problem of overthrowing the autocracy. It took a larger revolution to address the main issues of the country’s life Good revolution, as it opened the way for the normal bourgeois development of the country A conspiracy of liberals, masons, who opened the way for even more terrible enemies of Russia Correct bourgeois revolution, which did not receive a worthy continuation in the policy of the liberals
Power struggle Lenin’s strategy of growing the bourgeois revolution into a socialist one , combined with correct tactics (criticizing opponents, working among the masses, etc.) naturally led to victory The provisional government did not use the historical chance, made many mistakes, which were used by the opponents Liberals, freemasons (Kerensky) by their actions helped the Bolsheviks (Lenin) to gain authority among the masses and come to power The power of the Provisional Government was weak, “the crown was lying on the road” and the Bolsheviks “picked it up”
“German trace” Lenin understood the possibility of subsequent accusations, which are unproven Lenin is hardly a German spy, but objectively his actions were in the interests of Germany Lenin is a paid agent of Germany, with the money of which he organized the revolution with the connivance of the liberal Masons Some support the version of Lenin’s espionage. Others consider this version to be a gross fake.
October Revolution The greatest event in the history of mankind, which had a huge impact on the whole world. October 1917 saved the country from disaster. The construction of socialism that began, made the USSR the first European power and the second world superpower National catastrophe that led to the Civil War, the establishment of totalitarianism, to huge human and material losses Betrayal of national interests, which led to the death of Great Russia as a powerful empire, to the loss of spiritual (rejection of Orthodoxy) and national identity The coming to power of a group of fanatics, supporters of the world revolution, revolutionary violence, destroyers of the achievements of world civilization, culture


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