Comparison table of Traditional and Industrial society

Traditional society Industrial Society
The dominance of subsistence agriculture and primitive crafts The economic base is a machine-based industry. In agriculture, labor productivity is sharply increasing, the isolation characteristic of the subsistence economy is being destroyed. The principles and structures of a market economy are being formed
Dominance of extensive technologies and hand tools Extensive farming is replaced by intensive , and simple reproduction is replaced by extended
Society adapts as much as possible to the environment, obeys the rhythms of nature Society is freed from direct dependence on nature, partially subordinates it to itself
Dominance of communal, corporate, conditional, state forms of ownership. Private property is neither sacred nor inviolable Private property is sacred and inviolable
The social structure is class corporate, stable and motionless. There is virtually no social mobility Traditional structures and social barriers are crumbling. Social mobility is significant. New classes appear – the industrial proletariat and the bourgeoisie, the middle strata are strengthening. The aristocracy is in decline
Human behavior in society is governed by corporate norms and principles, customs, beliefs, unwritten laws. Individuality, independence are not encouraged: the social group dictates the norms of behavior to the individual Significant transformation of the value system. A person is autonomous within a social group, guided by his own personal interests. Individualism, rationalism (a person analyzes the world around him and makes decisions on this basis) and utilitarianism (a person acts not in the name of some global goals, but for a certain benefit) are new systems of personality coordinates. A person strives for self-development, self-improvement
Providence prevails in public consciousness: social reality, human life are perceived as the implementation of divine providence Secularization of consciousness takes place (liberation from direct dependence on religion)
The political sphere is dominated by the church and the army. Man is completely alienated from politics. Power seems to him more valuable than law and law The role of the state is sharply increasing, and a democratic regime is gradually taking shape. Law and law dominate in society, and a person is involved in power relations as an active subject

 

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