Comparison table: Political structure of England in the XVI and XVII – XVIII c (legislative, executive and judicial branches, army and church)

  England in the 16th – first half of the 17th century . England in the second half of XVII – XVIII  
Legislature King Parliament
Executive power King’s ministers Government
Judicial branch Royal court Jury trial
Military establishment Noble militia Regular (or mercenary) army
Church The Anglican Church is subject to the king The Anglican Church is separated from the state

 

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