Comparison table “Scots pine and Scots spruce”

Criterion for comparison Scots pine Norway spruce
Character

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The needles are long (3-5 cm), located in pairs on strongly shortened shoots The needles are short (1.5-2 cm), located singly, densely cover the shoots
Branch layout The branches are collected in whorls, which can be used to determine the approximate age of the tree. The lower part of the trunk has no branches Branches distributed from top to bottom
Cones Relatively rounded More elongated, with smooth scales
The nature of the root system Plastic root system. Depends on the growing conditions of the tree The main root is usually poorly developed
Lighting requirements Photophilous breed. Forms light forests (pine forests) Shade-loving breed. Forms dark coniferous forests
Soil requirements Unpretentious in relation to soils Demanding on the substrate and mineral nutrition
The need for moisture Undemanding in relation to moisture Moisture-loving
Pollination and seed spread Wind-pollinated plant. Seeds are spread by animals and the wind
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