Comparison table: Typology of electoral systems (Majority, Proportional, Mixed)

System type Subsystem and its characteristics Constituency type Voting forms Countries of application
Majority (83 countries) Relative majority Single-mandate For one candidate in one round Great Britain, USA, Italy since 1994, Ukraine (majority part of ASU)
Absolute majority in two rounds Single-mandate For one candidate in two rounds France, Belarus
Proportional (57 countries) Proportional list system of party representation Multi-member: country – one district (full party representation) For the list as a whole Israel, Holland, Paraguay, Russia (part of the State Duma), Ukraine (part of the VRU), Germany (part of the Bundestag)
Limited proportional representation. Multi-member constituency system (disunited electorate) For lists with preference elements Belgium, Denmark, Sweden, Finland
Proportional voice transmission system Multi-member For individual candidates; voting on preferences Ireland, North Ireland, Australia (Senate elections)
Voting (panning) Luxembourg
Mixed Linear mixing:

part for an individual candidate, part for lists in various versions

Single- and multi-mandate For an individual candidate and for lists Germany, Russia (State Duma elections), Hungary, Italy (lower house according to the 1993 law)
Double voting Single and multi-member For an individual candidate and for lists Germany
Structural mixing – one chamber by majority,

the other – on a proportional basis

Single and multi-member For an individual candidate and for lists Russia, Germany, Italy
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