Comparison table: views of Socrates and Plato on man and society

Socrates Plato
1. Moral improvement. 2. Cognition through knowledge to eradicate flaws and ignorance. 3. The main motto: “Know thyself.” 4. Improvement of the spiritual principle due to the preference for high and noble motives for low ones . 1. There is a world of ideas ( eidos ), i.e. prototypes. 2. Spiritual perfection due to the denial of evil, base passions. 3. The task of the legislator is to create a policy close to the ideal (treatise “State”). 4. To return the lost harmony in social relations. 5. Introduce elements of the Spartan society into the polis, dividing it into three groups: sages, warriors, farmers.


Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.