Compose a story about The Fall of Napoleon’s Empire.

In the summer of 1812, Napoleon’s Great Army crossed the Russian border and moved to Moscow. But in Russia everything happened differently than it did in Europe. After the Battle of Borodino, the French occupied Moscow, but they did not wait for the signing of the peace. Having retreated, the Russian army was ready to continue military operations, and in the rear of Napoleon a partisan war began, already known to the French from Spain.

December 5, 1812 Napoleon entrusted the command of the remnants of his army to Murat . He himself, under an assumed name, crossed all of Europe and on December 18 was already in Paris. Meanwhile, the Russian army entered Prussia, which declared war on France. Austria soon joined their union. A new anti-French coalition was gradually formed , which, in addition to the three powers, included England, Sweden, Spain and Portugal. On October 16-17, 1813, the famous “Battle of the Nations” took place near Leipzig . The combined forces of the Allies outnumbered Napoleon’s army twice. The battle was lost. The empire began to disintegrate.

Reasons for the weakening of Napoleon’s empire:

– Lean years

– Continental blockade caused a decline in industry and trade

– Dissatisfaction with continuous wars and recruiting

– Difficult relations with the conquered countries

– Extortions and indemnities

– Hatred of the oppressors by the conquered peoples

On April 1, the Provisional Government was created in Paris, headed by the former Foreign Minister Talleyrand. On April 2, the Senate proclaimed Louis XVIII, brother of Louis XVI, who was executed during the revolution, King of France. Thus, the rule of the Bourbons was restored .

In September 1814, a pan-European congress was held in Vienna to settle post-war issues. The Vienna Congress was to decide the fate of post-war Europe. It was attended by representatives of almost all European states. Its participants wanted to restore the previous dynasties and the power of the nobility, to redistribute territories in the interests of the countries participating in the anti – Napoleonic coalition.

Territorial changes in Europe and the world after the fall of the empire of Napoleon.

France Returned to the borders of 1789
Russia Poland with Warsaw
England Malta Island, Cape Land, Ceylon Island
Austria Venice, Lombardy
Prussia Saxony and the Rhineland
Germany Divided into 38 states
Italy Divided into 8 states

As a result of the Napoleonic wars, the classical system of five powers is taking shape . In Europe, there were 5 great powers, whose forces were practically equal and the agreement, between which ensures peace in Europe for 40 years. This is England, dominating the seas; France, significantly weakened, but thanks to the skill of diplomats retains the status of a great power, it is entrusted with indemnity, but its borders have been preserved; Prussia is very seriously strengthening; Austria is relatively weak; Russia, which is at the peak of its power.

 

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.