B. Disraeli – represented the Conservatives
Reforms 1. 46 “rotten places” were liquidated. 2. The property qualification has decreased. 3. The number of voters increased from 1.35 to 2.25 million.
His office held events within the framework of the “Tory democracy” course aimed at intensifying social policy in the interests of workers (building new housing, increasing wages, reducing working hours, improving working conditions in factories, developing the health system), as well as strengthening and expanding the empire …
W. Gladstone – represented the Liberals
Reforms: 1. More than 100 “rotten places” were destroyed. 2. The property qualification has decreased. 3. The number of voters increased to 5.5 million people and amounted to 13% of the population.
The heyday of the Liberal Party is associated with Gladstone. The Liberal Party reflected the interests of the industrial bourgeoisie (light). Conservatives are the interests of large industry, banks. A special place is occupied by the school reform carried out by Gladstone, in which the need has long been ripe. Reform of primary education (Foster’s reform). And in 1870, Parliament passed a law on the organization of public schools. Gladstone understood that a democratic state system is incompatible with illiteracy, because then only a third of children under the age of 13 attended school. After the law was passed, a network of public schools was created throughout the country, many of which were free.
Until the 1980s, the Conservative Party was inferior in strength and influence to the liberals, relying mainly on the landed aristocracy, large farmers and the Anglican Church. However, a flexible political course subsequently attracted representatives of the financial and industrial circles and even a part of the workers to her side. Conservative leader Benjamin Disraeli was reputed to be one of the country’s most agile politicians.