Individually acquired forms of behavior include learning and rational activity. Learning is an adaptive change in behavior as a result of previous experience, due to which individual adaptation of living organisms to the environment is achieved. The simplest way of individual learning in nature is trial and error. For example, an inexperienced young chick flying out of the nest will try to catch a wasp until it is convinced that this brightly colored insect is inedible. Warm-blooded animals are characterized by an interesting form of learning – imprinting (capturing). Sealing is the following of the cubs after the object of their constant attention, for example, to their mother. However, if the newly hatched duckling presents another moving object, the duckling will follow him. Impression is formed exclusively at an early age. A simple form of learning is addiction. It develops with prolonged repetition of non-reinforced stimuli. For example, birds collecting feed on the field cease to respond to working agricultural machinery over time. Reasonable activity – the ability to perform an adaptive behavioral act in this situation. The basis of rational activity is thinking. Thinking is a type of mental activity consisting in cognizing the essence of objects and phenomena and establishing regular relationships and relations between them. To prove that the monkey has rational activity, you can conduct an experiment when, when you click on a button of a certain color, they will give food. Even after changing the location of the button, the monkey will choose the desired color, since it has established the relationship between the color of the button and the appearance of food.
Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.