Simple carbohydrates are called monosaccharides. Depending on the number of carbon atoms in the molecule, they are called trioses – 3 atoms, tetrosis – 4 atoms, pentoses – 5 atoms and hexoses 6 carbon atoms in the molecule.
Of the six-carbon monosaccharides, the most important are glucose, fructose and galactose, which are actively involved in metabolic processes. Of the five-carbon monosaccharides – deoxyribose and ribose, which are part of DNA and RNA, respectively.
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