Describe republican rule in Rome.

The highest authority in Rome was the people’s assembly, at which officials of the magistrates were elected: praetors (in charge of judicial affairs), quaestors (treasurers), censors (carrying out qualifications), etc. Magistrates exercised executive and judicial power. One, at a popular assembly, draft laws were passed not by citizens, but by magistrates and the Senate. The highest magistrates of Rome were consuls, they commanded the army, convened popular assemblies, proposed laws. In case of great danger to Rome, the Senate appointed a dictator (also a magistracy), who received all the power. The dictator could rule for a maximum of six months, during this period he had to eliminate the impending danger, and then resign. The Senate consisted of former magistrates, this authority ruled domestic and foreign policy, controlled the treasury.

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