Many people complain of a lack of memory, but on the other hand, it has been established psychologically that any person uses only a small part of it (about 3-8%). The remaining memory reserves the brain uses in case of acute shortage. The human memory is huge, and his brain is able to remember almost as much as the memory of a medium-power computer. It is the cases of outstanding memory from history that allow us to see the degree of its inexhaustibility.
Psychology considers ways to improve memory from the perspective of many scientists. So, psychologist D. Lapp suggests improving memory by using a specific system:
– training of observation (selection, concentration, analysis, internal comments on the time of recording information);
– pause (pondering and recording actions);
– relaxation (elimination of anxiety and tension in order to improve the functioning of the senses);
– selective attention (in order to determine the information that you want to write down, why, for how long);
– visual association (recording information in the form of a visual image, establishing an associative connection of images, which in thoughts are divided into pairs: in the future, the memory of one image will lead to the memory of another);
– verbal study (simultaneous comments of an intellectual and emotional plan).
There are special techniques that contribute to improving memory. If the decrease in the ability to remember is not associated with a progressive disease, but is caused by fatigue, strain or stress, then you can use vitamin complexes to help supply the brain with everything necessary for normal functioning. No less relevant in this case is the reception (according to a doctor’s prescription) of drugs that improve blood supply to the brain. However, one should always remember that it is not worth abusing drugs. If you help the brain to work all the time, then if you stop taking the drugs, your learning ability may decrease for a while.
To improve his memory, it will be useful for a person to apply several recommendations:
– Interest is a chisel of memory, that is, the sharper it is, the deeper the traces will be. The more desire and interest in new knowledge, the better will be their memorization.
– Starting to memorize, a person should set a goal – to remember for a long time, better forever. Setting for long-term storage of information provides the conditions for effective memorization.
– Refusal of cramming and the use of semantic memorization (understand, establish a logical sequence, break down the material into elements with a “key phrase” or “strong point” in each of them.
– The use of the Zeigarnik effect, which consists in the fact that if the solution to a particular problem is interrupted, then it will be remembered better when compared with successfully solved problems.
– It is better to read 2 times and 2 times to reproduce than 5 times to read without reproducing.
– Repetition of the material in hot pursuit (before bedtime and in the morning).
– Consideration of the “rule of the edge”, which consists in the fact that it is better to remember the beginning and end of the information, and the middle can “fall out”.
– Sometimes it is necessary to use mnemonic techniques, which are artificial methods of memorization.
– The most accurate reproduction of complex information does not occur immediately after memorization, but after 2-3 days. Such reproduction is called reminiscence.