Describe the changes in the composition of Indian society in the 19th century. How have these changes influenced the political life of India?

The process of industrialization changed the composition of society: artisans-weavers disappeared, wage workers and the national bourgeoisie appeared, the Indian intelligentsia and the middle class were formed. During the period of British colonialism, a new middle class was formed, which was made up of small employees who helped the British administration, lawyers, merchants who acted as intermediaries in the trade of British goods. However, English rule did not allow them to become masters in their country. It was in this environment that the ideas of the need to achieve national independence began to spread.

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