Describe the policy towards the church, which was pursued by the Soviet state. What consequences did this policy have for the church and society in general?
The church was under severe pressure from the Bolsheviks. she was seen as an “ideological rival”. The government confiscated the property of theological seminaries and academies, did not recognize church marriage, and deprived priests of all kinds of support. Then the church was completely separated from the state and the school. The clergy and monastics were recognized as “non-working elements,” and were persecuted and repressed. In 1929, the next five-year plan was declared “godless,” planning to close all theological schools and churches, ban religious literature and send all ministers abroad. As a result, the policy led to mass arrests and executions of clergy.
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