Describe the principles of building a social hierarchy in family groups of monkeys, ants.

Monkey communities are a very complex, hierarchical organization. For example, a flock of lower monkeys living in open spaces is an example of a strict and well-organized structure, headed by a leader, usually the strongest, most aggressive and decisive animal. The male leader has important duties: he protects his flock from enemies, organizes it to resist the enemy or to escape. Ants also have a strict hierarchy. Each ant family has a queen or uterus (sometimes there are several), which, as a rule, is larger than the rest and has wings. The female lays eggs throughout her life (approximately 10-20 years). Many believe that the queen is a key link in the ant family, but this is not so. The main role in the life of the anthill is played by working ants. It is they who manage the life of the uterus and have the right to move them from one part of the nest to another, exchange uterus from other ant families or kill the queen who began to bring too little offspring, since there is no sense in feeding her. Male ants have almost no meaning in the life of an ant hill. Having completed their task, that is, having fertilized the uterus, they soon die. Not all worker ants are the same; they are divided by specialization. Some ants look after a young offspring (nurse ants), others – build and strengthen a nest (foraging ants), others – the distribution of food supplies, etc.

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