The strength of the nervous processes determines the efficiency of the nervous system and its ability to withstand fatigue. Balance characterizes the balance between excitation and inhibition. Motility evaluates the ability of the nervous system to change its state, that is, to switch from arousal to inhibition or vice versa.
Various combinations of these properties allow us to distinguish several types of higher nervous activity. There are four of these types in total.
Choleric is a type of excitable, emotional, sociable. Choleric is distinguished by a high level of activity, energetic actions, strong and pronounced emotional experiences. It is characterized by incontinence, temper in conflict situations.
Sanguine – a type of calm, stable, sensual, trusting, with well-developed attention and efficiency, the highest level of research activity. He is mobile, sociable, quickly responds to events, easily survives failures and troubles.
Phlegmatic – a type of unemotional, uncommunicative, inactive, with well-developed attention and efficiency. He is distinguished by a low level of behavioral activity, he is slow, calm, even. The constancy of feelings and moods is characteristic. The process of changing habits and skills of a phlegmatic is difficult.
Melancholic is a type of excitable, uncommunicative, insecure. It is characterized by a reduced level of motor and speech activity, emotional vulnerability. Inclined to deep inner feelings. Non-standard moves of imagination and thinking, various manifestations of creative processes are most characteristic of melancholic people.