Development of Greece in the 5th-4th centuries BC. (events, achievements, political structure of the state, figures)

Period Main events and characteristics of the period Key figures
V-IV centuries BC.

Classic Greece

Greco-Persian Wars (499-449 BC) (in particular, the Battle of Marathon and the Battle of Thermopylae) ,

The Peloponnesian War (431-404 to AD)

Hegemony of Athens, construction of the Parthenon,

Hegemony of Sparta,

Strengthening the Macedonian dynasty,

The campaigns of Alexander (336-323 BC)

Alcibiades, Darius the Great, Leonidas, Themistocles , Pericles, Lissander , Philip II, Alexander the Great, Aristophanes, Sophocles , Euripides, Aristotle, Plato, Socrates, Herodotus, Thucydides, Xenophon

 

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