Discover the nature and biological significance of cell reproduction through mitosis.

Mitosis is an indirect cell division, resulting in the formation of two daughter cells with the same set of chromosomes as in the mother. Mitosis consists of four phases – prophase, metaphase, anaphase and telophase.
The mitosis process ensures a strictly uniform distribution of chromosomes between two daughter nuclei, so that in a multicellular organism all cells have exactly the same (in number and in nature) sets of chromosomes. Chromosomes contain genetic information encoded in DNA, and therefore a regular, ordered mitotic process also ensures complete transmission of all information to each of the daughter nuclei; as a result, each cell possesses all the genetic information necessary for the development of all the attributes of the body. In this regard, it becomes clear why one cell, taken from a fully differentiated adult plant, can, under suitable conditions, develop into a whole plant. We described mitosis in a diploid cell, but this process proceeds in a similar way in haploid cells, for example, in cells of the gametophyte generation of plants.
That is, the biological significance of mitosis is that mitosis provides a hereditary transmission of traits and properties in a series of generations of cells during the development of a multicellular organism. Due to the accurate and uniform distribution of chromosomes during mitosis, all cells of a single organism are genetically identical

Remember: The process of learning a person lasts a lifetime. The value of the same knowledge for different people may be different, it is determined by their individual characteristics and needs. Therefore, knowledge is always needed at any age and position.