Division of society into groups and the formation of the state in ancient Rome and Greece

Ancient Greece Ancient Rome
1. In Ancient Greece there was no single state; there were separate city-states (policies);

2. The population of the policy was divided into 2 groups: citizens (who had rights) and non-citizens (who had no rights);

3. The head of the ancient Greek polis (except for Athens) was a king who passed on his power by inheritance. This form of government is called a monarchy;

4. The main organ of power was the National Assembly, in which only citizens participated.

1. In Ancient Rome, a single state was formed, the capital of which was the city of Rome;

2. The population of Ancient Rome was divided into 2 groups: patricians (who had rights) and plebeians (who had only one right – to serve in the army and receive their share of the spoils) ;

3.Since 510 BC in ancient Rome, the new state structure was a republic, and two elected consuls were at the head of the state;

4. The main organs of power were the National Assembly, which consisted of patricians and the Senate, in which the rights of the plebeians began to be defended by the People’s Tribune

 

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