Does the direction of the Earth’s diurnal rotation coincide with the direction of movement of the lunar shadow on its surface during a total solar eclipse?
In the general case, the direction of motion of the lunar shadow does not coincide with the direction of the Earth’s diurnal rotation, since the Moon and its shadow move along the plane of the ecliptic (although here, too, the deviation from it can reach 5 °. The plane of the Earth’s equator is inclined to the plane of the ecliptic at a significant angle (23.5 ° ), and, depending on the season of the year, the lunar shadow can move along the Earth’s surface in different directions: in the spring it moves from the southwest to the northeast, in the fall – from the northwest to the southeast. from the poles of the Earth, then the direction of its movement can be anything at all.
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