Features of the development of Ancient Egypt in the early dynastic period (2920-2575 BC)

In the 9th millennium BC. nomadic hunting tribes concentrated in the floodplain of the Nile. In the 5th millennium BC. 2 associations arose:
• Lower Egypt – in the Nile Delta;
• Upper Egypt – along the green corridor of the banks of the Nile.
Around 3000 BC Upper Egypt conquered its northern neighbor and founded the First Dynasty.

A centralized despotic monarchy has developed in Egypt:
• Pharaoh had unlimited power;
• Pharaoh owned the entire land fund of the country and large resources of the labor force;
• The basis of the economy was large tsarist farms, part of the land was allocated to temples and some individuals;
• Community peasants were turned into a dependent category of tsarist people – hemu. For their work, the khem received food rations or a plot of land;
• Public works entrusted to hema (construction of pyramids and irrigation canals) have become widespread;
• The country was governed by an extensive bureaucratic apparatus, officials played an important role in the life of society.

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